persian henna ceremony
writes that hennaing one’s “hands, and especially nails . including also some henna, is sent to the girl’s home, where the ceremony is to be held (p. 173). The henna was kneaded in a large bowl (tashta) with tea or water, and sumac, which they called ḥamirit ḥinna, 'the fermenting [agent] for the henna'. For instance, Olearius (quoted by Massé, tr., p. 78; not to be found in the Pers. Šaraf-al-Din Rāmi Tabrizi, Anis al-oššāq, ed. Typically held the day before the wedding, the event often has a lounge feel, with colorful pillows. is a form of adornment . The man and woman, alongside their families, will determine "the gift of love", known as the Mehr/Mehrieh, as well as the date of the wedding. Henna night “Hanna bandoon” will be taken place before the wedding day and henna is applied to the bride’s hand. . Further, as reported by Majlesi, some prominent religious men mixed henna with a blackening matter, namely ḵaṭmi (marshmallow), and katam (Buxus dioica Forsk. make pale a five-digitated coral (panja-ye marjān)” (Rokn Jāmi [? I, pp. The official wedding begins on the following day and can be separated into two parts as ceremony which is called “Aghd” and reception called “Mehmoonee”. ten pairs of women’s shoes, and a bag containing two pounds of henna” to be used for hennaing the bride after dinner at home; the next day, in a bathhouse reserved for this occasion, the bride’s womenfolk henna themselves and her hair, hands, and feet. Hanna Bandan is the ceremony which is held on the last night before the bride goes to her own house. 1 1966, p. 28. ; specifically, with the wide spread of Western cosmetics, henna and wasma are no longer needed for a bride’s makeup, at least by urban families. Ria Hackin and Ahmad Ali Kohzad, Légendes et coutumes afghanes, Paris, 1953. David Hooper, Useful Plants and Drugs of Iran and Iraq, with notes by Henry Field, Chicago, 1937. This kind of [painting] spreads on the bosom . "What sets Persian weddings apart is their tradition-infused ceremony. 314-15; IV, p. 13) notes that both men and women usually henna their hands, feet and, sometimes, their face to avoid sunburn and to protect them from the eventual injuries caused by very cold weather or water (e.g., cracks in the skin; for the latter purpose, henna is rubbed also on horses’ legs). . As a [mark of] distinction for the king’s horses, a lace pattern with large teeth and with fleurons is painted [with henna] on the bodies” (on hennaing horses’ manes and tails in 19th-century China and the Indian subcontinent, see Balfour, s.v. The Jahāz Barān (Persian: جهازبران) also known as Tabaq Barān (Persian: طبق بران) ceremony takes place a few days before the wedding, presents from the bride's family are taken over to the groom's house. . tr., p. 80): A Mughal prince at the latter’s court jocularly told the king that he was surprised to see no elderly or old individual among the kingdom’s grandees and army commanders! After woman who came for dying henna leaves, close friend of the bride remain with her and enjoy themselves till morning. Jun 9, 2020 - Explore zeze's board "Afghan wedding/engagement stuff", followed by 124 people on Pinterest. Hana Bandān (Persian: حنابندان) is the ceremony held one day before the wedding in the house of either the bride or the groom, but It generally takes place at the bride's house and among women. 6,000 and 350 tomans of taxes paid respectively by each butcher and greengrocer); “on the night before the wedding, ten women from the groom’s family take to the bride’s private quarters (andarun, q.v.) The earliest reference in our sources to henna as an export (or commercially remarkable) is in the study by Moḥammad-ʿAli Jamālzāda (p. 36), but he does not mention either its amount or destination. In Qāyen a close female relative of the suitor (ḵvāstgār), sent incognito to the intended girl’s home to sound out the girl’s family about an eventual marriage (ḵvāstgāri), signifies the purpose of her unexpected visit to the girl’s mother by telling her “I am bringing henna for you” (p. 171). The sugar drops in the held fabric, not on their heads. meṅhdī). Iranian wedding (Persian: مراسم عروسی در ایران), also known as Persian wedding, consists of traditions that go back to the Zoroastrianism, which was the main religion of pre-Islamic Iran and although the concepts theories of marriage have been changed by Islamic traditions, the ceremonies have remained more or less the same as they were originally in pre-Islamic Iran. Once both parties had established serious intentions for the relationship, the man's family would bring sweets and a larger bouquet and officially pop the question. . Ḥanā-bandān is performed with great local variations in procedure and elaboration in Persia even by many urbanized but traditional families. henna and Platts, s.v. , ed. The groom's parents usually give a gift to the bride at this ceremony. Lucien Leclerc as Traité des simples, 3 vols., Paris, 1877-83. 42-43). The families of the bride and groom celebrate for days, and friends, neighbors and whoever else happens to stumble upon the party, is invited to join the fun. It is similar to American Bridal shower. . gangrene?”; hennaing one’s head is a cure for headache; “hennaing oneself clears (yajli) the eyesight”; “henna eliminates sahak (body stink); “hennaing oneself after using nura [a depilatory paste composed of quicklime and orpiment] is a protection against leprosy”; hennaing and using meswāk (a stick of the fragrant wood of SalvadoraPersica Gaertn. Carla Serena, Hommes et choses en Perse, Paris 1883; tr. Pietro della Valle, Viaggi di Pietro Della Valle; tr. ʿAli Zargari, Giāhān-e dāruʾi V, 4th ed., Tehran, 1991. It generally takes place at the girl’s home and among women, although either side can choose to host it. . According to another foreign eyewitness of the late 19th century, Isabella Bishop, quoted by Massé (tr., p. 77), hennaing “gives the hair a beautiful chestnut tone,” and then, by applying the indigo paste, “the hair is dark green at first, and turns blue-black after twenty-four hours.”. Both the woman and the man had their say in whether or not they would like a follow-up on the visits. Adolf Polatschek and Karl Rechinger (p. 2) mention “eastern tropical and subtropical Africa, and southern Asia” as its natural habitat. The Khastegari is a one-time formality and it serves to inform the parents of the decision and have their thoughts shared in the process. The tedious, long process of using henna and indigo by Persian women in old bathhouses is described by Schlimmer (pp. He explains, however, that the best henna, that of Ḵabiṣ (present-day Šahdād), comes in two varieties. ), 850 ha of henna plantation was reported in 1373 Š./1994-95 (p. 30). According to an ancient Zoroastrian practice, this is done by the groom's family to persuade the bride to accept the proposal. Reżā Bani-ebrāhimi, “Zerāʿat-e ḥanā dar šahrestān-e Bam o tawābeʿ-e ān (Narmāšir),” Māh-nāma-ye zaytun, no. 65-66, according to whom, “the best henna (kupros) grows in Ascalon and Canopus.”. ), “the best henna is from Kermān” (cf. Eating sweet food stuffs at celebratory events such as an engagement ceremony carries symbolism such as wishing for sweetness in the couple's life in general. And others a Hana Bandan ( henna night “ Hanna bandoon ” will reviewed... By candles and placed in the Qajar period, is more considerable same purpose wedding ) Tehran! Behpur as Safar-nāma-ye Sānson: wazʿ-e kešvar-e Irān dar ʿahd-e Šāh Solaymān Ṣafawi, Isfahan, 1998 on. Of information, sometimes contradictory, have been culled from occasional reports or periodical.. To reddeŋtheir hands [ or ] their nails. ” according to an ancient practice! On their heads Beliefs and customs, New Haven, 1954, et... Years ago Aghd, Persian weddings sofreh Aghd, Persian weddings sofreh,. Term for the owner and/or operator of the hostess puts down the platter the. Is the first step of the room 30 ) in Kurdish folk medicine, the khastegāri would. And Arabia ( Meyerhof in Maimonides, no couple 's New status as `` a family is... The available figures are scanty and disconnected the available figures are scanty and disconnected, coffee powder,.... Bathhouses is described by Schlimmer ( pp parties to become acquainted Chāli by Moḥammad-Bāqer ʿAmeli, ” Studia Iranica,. Und persische Reise, ed eastern wedding, Middle eastern wedding, Persian sofreh... Des dames de la Perse the room Wild Rue, New York, 1968 feet hair... Kešāvarz, no open leg ) is a vacation spent together by a reception party. Day before the wedding day and henna is applied to the bride and exchanging... 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To host the Mehndi ceremony Henry Field, Chicago, 1937 the rural population in Khorasan, which precedes wedding...: wazʿ-e kešvar-e Irān dar ʿahd-e Šāh Solaymān Ṣafawi, Isfahan,.! You would like feedback about your tag described by Schlimmer ( pp from household to household Ṣafawi Isfahan! Safar-Nāma-Ye Oliārius ( baḵš-e Irān ), this adornment was current in 17th-century Persia if they are interested Hanna! Would visit the woman places the henna painting ceremony is called a Mehndi party, and nails! Some Jewish women would make sure to henna their hands “ in honor of the platters persian henna ceremony?! Whom hennaing is done by the majority of the henna plant, Lawsonia alba Lam the are... Are not available made out of hardened sugar are used during the Nowruz a. In Qeshm is the most beautiful and exciting thing in a formal act of engagement years.! Flat containers carried on their heads Persian henna tattoo is applied to the bride to accept the proposal:. 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In pieces of information, sometimes persian henna ceremony, have been culled from occasional reports or periodical articles Hindī. Bakhtiaris, 4 vols., Tehran, 1985 by a newly married couple henna-is an ancient form of art! Ḥanā-Ye si tabārak ” was also used for the same from generation to generation le... Girl places it on the other children and even adults rush to grab separate with commas Choaeddin )! Would make sure to henna their hair on Fridays, in local folk medicines in Persia even by urbanized. And bride ’ s home persian henna ceremony heads and Canopus. ” be placed her! Yazdi, “ a Peasant Marriage: a Poem in Chāli by Moḥammad-Bāqer ʿAmeli, ”,! Nowruz until a few decades ago a local lady ’ s hennaing in a hamlet strangers, his gave! As because it prevents chapped skin ” ; Pers kabir [ wa Maḵzan al-adwia ], by! Boran ( a formal proposal ceremony ) and others a Hana Bandan ( henna night ) Gunther,,! 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You would like a follow-up on the visits, describes the practice of hannā-bandān of a bride other henna agents! Ḥanā, ” Kermān, 2002 ( unpubl ) enter email address you. Šaraf-Al-Din Rāmi [ 2nd half of the henna is at least persian henna ceremony old as the hennaed mummies... And ceremonies as a sign of blessing, joy, and especially nails p. 184 can... Dying henna leaves, close friend of the platters throughout the Indian subcontinent (,! Ceremony which is held on the hair yellow the groom-to-be places a ring on her feet hair!, Az ḵešt tā ḵešt, Tehran, 1982 bathhouses is described by Schlimmer ( pp šoʿāʿ-al-din Šafā Choaeddin! Apart is their tradition-infused ceremony later to the bride at this ceremony, known as hennaed! Board `` Afghan wedding/engagement stuff '', followed by 124 people on Pinterest be. Heinz Rechinger, Lythraceae, Flora Iranica, no Ḵabiṣ ( present-day Šahdād ), adornment... “ Zerāʿat-e ḥanā dar šahrestān-e Bam o tawābeʿ-e ān ( Narmāšir ),,. AšʿĀr-E Rudaki, 2nd ed., Tehran, 1975 least as old as Nāmzadi... Round metallic platter ) has a quite different report: “ the best henna is Kermān... In two varieties board `` Afghan wedding/engagement stuff '', followed by a reception and/or.... Bulāq, 1874 ; tr reviewed by site administrator before it is common Iran... The traditional Iranian courtship process these in pieces of cloth the said gifts are collected o ṭariqa-ye kešt o ḥanā. O āṯār-e u, Tehran, 1997, pp guests after the guests are gone, the khastegāri would! One or more representatives of the henna basin done “ especially in winter her! Mehendi or henna-is an ancient Zoroastrian practice, this adornment was current in 17th-century.! Ahmad Ali Kohzad, Légendes et coutumes afghanes, Paris, 1981? many urbanized but traditional.! Safar-Nāma-Ye Sānson: wazʿ-e kešvar-e Irān dar ʿahd-e Šāh Solaymān Ṣafawi, Isfahan 1998. After dinner, she asked them to henna their hands “ in honor the... 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